Fetal alcohol syndrom

fetal alcohol syndrom
Fetal alcohol syndrome (TSA) includes a plurality of psychophysical congenital defects due child female systematic use of alcoholic beverages before and during pregnancy. Children with TSA in the psycho-physical development defects occur at the moment of birth and remain until the end of life. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a major factor in violation of human mental development, and includes violations in the areas of brain disorders and diseases related to the functioning of the central nervous system, along with a variety of neurological disorders, mental retardation, intellectual disabilities and behavior; prenatal and / or postnatal growth retardation and weight; the specific structure of the face and skull: short, narrow structure of the eye slits, a thin upper lip, small head circumference and brain, the presence of "Mongolian fold" in the inner corner of the eye, cleft palate, hypoplasia of the upper or lower jaw.

Secondary amenorrhea

secondary amenorrhea
Amenorrhea - syndrome, which is characterized by the absence of menstruation. As a result of heavy menstrual irregularities and lack of ovulation amenorrhea often leads to infertility. In fact, amenorrhea is not a disease - it is rather a symptom that means nothing, as the absence of menstruation. Amenorrhea is divided into primary and secondary.

Primary we can see, when there is no menstruation in a girl of fourteen, while other signs of puberty are not observed, and when sixteen years did not come menstruation, but there are signs of maturity. Both cases have different causes, and therefore there is such a division. Amenorrhea can also be physiological - menopausal women after forty-five years, and in girls up to the age of fourteen. Physiological amenorrhea also observed in pregnant women during lactation, when the amount of prolactin in the blood increases, which prevents an increase in endometrial and maturation of the egg.

Eastern poison ivy

Eastern poison ivy is the scientific name of ivy tox (lat. Toxicodendron radicans). This plant has no relation to a simple harmless ivy. They look very similar, so it is so called. It is often confused ivy and sumac. But sumac - it's lacquer tox in the form of a bush or tree. Those. they are very similar, but still different.

What is poison ivy?

Ivy belongs to the poisonous plants, touching the leaves that you can burn yourself or get other consequences - for example, as a general poisoning. It is poisonous all - and the stem and leaves, and flowers, and fruits.
But, in spite of the high toxicity and danger to human life, this ivy is considered a plant that has medicinal properties, and it is often used in medicine. Therefore it is necessary to get acquainted with this interesting and controversial plant so close, to know what the threats and benefits it hides.
This plant is very different from neighbors kind Toxicodendron Mill, having the form of a tree. Poison ivy is more like a vine, sometimes - a small shrub. He let his long, flexible stems on the ground or trees envelops them, using the additional roots.
eastern poison ivy
Similarly, all dangerous, poison ivy is very beautiful in appearance. In the warm season its branches are covered with large green leaves. With the advent of fall, they become red-orange. In early summer, the branches begin to appear yellow inflorescences, which in autumn turn into bunches of fruit - round white-green drupes. Homeland toksikondrona considered North America, from Mexico to Canada. In those places it is quite common to see in the forest or between shrubs. We also found two kinds of native poison ivy, and then - only in the Southern Kuriles. One of them is called the east, and the second - volosistoplodny. But the nature of their unfriendly. They are the same toxic and cause severe poisoning from touching.

Prosopagnosia. Because of what people do not recognize loved ones

prosopagnosia
I do not recognize your face

Back in the 19th century, cases of inability to recognize faces were recorded. Studies of this phenomenon involved Hyulings John Jackson and Jean-Martin Charcot.

However, a systematic description of this phenomenon for the first time gave the German neurologist Joachim Bodamer (Joachim Bodamer). In 1947, he first used the term prosopagnosia, which literally means "misrecognition person" and systematically described three cases of this disorder.

Acetaminophen antidote

acetaminophen antidote
Acetaminophen is a member of more than 200 drugs with different trade names, including numerous children's liquid form, used as an analgesic and antipyretic agent. Acetaminophen is also used in the field of photography, and as a textile azo dye. Poisoning generally occurs after a single receiving large doses of combined preparations containing paracetamol, and as a result of prolonged use of smaller doses of paracetamol hypersensitivity to the drug, alcohol abuse, or the wrong mode power supply in combination with drugs affecting its metabolism in the liver.

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